Autoimmune diseases are challenging to treat because the immune system plays a critical role in keeping the body healthy. However, when this system is destroying its own cells even without the presence of an infection, it can be problematic and potentially life-threatening. Millions of people suffer from autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes (T1D), lupus, and scleroderma, and treatment options—as well as their effectiveness—are limited.
However, researchers at the University of Leeds and the University of Pennsylvania have made a new discovery that could change treatment in the future. They found two proteins—BRISC and SHMT2—that together are responsible for controlling the body’s response to infection or what it deems foreign invaders.
The team is aiming to figure out a way to target these proteins and keep the immune system from attacking and destroying the body’s own cells. This could eventually generate a new class of drugs for treating autoimmune disorders, though this type of treatment is still a long way off as a wealth of research and testing still needs to be conducted regarding this process.
It is encouraging to see new developments occurring and progress being made toward better understanding autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes. With advanced research, scientists can formulate improved treatment options and perhaps one day a cure.
The Diabetes Research Connection, though not involved with this study, is part of the effort toward improving prevention, treatment, and quality of life for individuals living with T1D. Through donations from individuals, corporations, and foundations, early career scientists are able to receive critical funding to support novel, peer-reviewed research projects.