Increasing Protective Factors to Reduce Risk of Type 1 Diabetes

Despite decades of research, scientists have yet to develop a cure for type 1 diabetes since it is a complex disease that is impacted by and interacts with many processes within the body. However, they have made significant advancements in understanding and managing the disease. Now, more focus is being put on preventing the development of type 1 diabetes.

In a recent study, researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory found that by increasing levels of growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) in non-obese diabetic mice, they were able to reduce the risk of developing type 1 diabetes by more than 50 percent. Although there are more than 387 pancreatic proteins in the body associated with T1D, the researchers discovered that GDF15 was significantly depleted in pancreatic beta cells of individuals with T1D.

By increasing GDF15 levels in the non-obese diabetic mice, it helped to protect islet cells from immune system attack. Researchers are seeking to determine whether this may be used to create more effective therapies for the treatment and prevention of the disease in humans. While more research is needed, it is a step in the right direction.

Diabetes Research Connection (DRC) is following these findings to see how they impact future diabetes research and treatment options. It is these types of studies that open doors for advancements in the field and an increased understanding of the disease. The DRC supports early-career scientists in pursuing novel, peer-reviewed research studies focused on the prevention, treatment, and management of T1D and eventually finding a cure. To learn more about current projects and support these efforts, visit

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